Wednesday, October 7, 2009

Surgery, not Medicines, for IFCI

As a developmental financial institution, IFCI helped build some of India’s critical projects. But is today’s IFCI groping in darkness, unable to find a sustainable business model?

With Government calling for the induction of a strategic investor in IFCI urgently, the problems plaguing the developmental bank are once again in the spotlight.

It is not clear what prevented IFCI from following the route of ICICI and IDBI in converting themselves to private banks, which is in fact an international model, as developmental financial institutions became unviable.

Though IFCI’s profits have halved during the past year, its holdings in other companies should fetch it good returns in the long term. But there are no indications yet from IFCI on how to utilize these stakes.

Despite IFCI unable to replay a Rs. 1573 crore loan from Government at 0.1% interest rate, and despite it being converted to a grant, IFCI is still in doldrums, signaling a serious asset-liabilities mismatch. Restructuring has been in place since 2002, at the expense of further growth.

Some IFCI promoted subsidiaries have also run into problems, a recent example being their asset reconstruction company, Asset Care Enterprise, facing rejection from RBI about a nearly 50% divestment.

Questions to CEO Atul Kumar Rai’s office on these issues went unanswered at the time of publication.

IFCI also needs to develop a brand equity leveraging on its contributions to many of country’s critical projects.



  1. IFCI should be given to a group with good track record in growth and customer service as India needs better customer service from banks. The banking license should be given before privatization so Public Sector entities get good return on investment.

    These could be :
    1. Bharti
    2. Reliance (either ADAG or Mukesh Ambani)
    3. Sterlite
    4. Wipro
    5. Goldman Sachs
    6. JP Morgan
    7. Credit Suisse
    8. Nomura

    Everyone will stand to gain : Government, Shareholders and the Country.

  2. The reasons for removal of current management and privatization are as follows:

    1. Profits declined for two consequtive years - and will decline again for third year - when all other banks and NBFC are growing in profits. Dismal performance.
    2. As low cost debt retires the profits will reduce substantially. Future NPA problems will criple the organization once again.
    3. Management makes investment at expensive valuation - MCX - SX at 3 times price what other PSB paid. No other entity paid same price as IFCI.
    4. IFCI needs a clear shareholder to whom management will be accountable.
    5. RBI rejected IFCI banking license based on performance.
    6. PSB banks sit on loss or hundreds of crores on conversion of bonds into equity at Rs.107
    7. 20% of IFCI book (more than to any other sector) is to Steel sector which is risky and cyclical.
    8. IFCI reconverted LIC shares into bonds at Rs.107 when market price was Rs.18, shorchanging all other shareholders.